traumatized victims of abuse (with PTSD and CPTSD) often become avoidant. But
they also display psychopathic and narcissistic traits and behaviors. These are
reactive and transient: they vanish without a trace once the victims are
nurtured back to health in a holding and loving environment and go full-fledged
no contact with their abuser
The psychopathic and narcissistic overlays (these acquired responsive learned
traits and behaviors) do not amount to personality styles and disorders. They
just serve to counter the abuse or contain it and restore eroded self-efficacy
and a sense of agency in the traumatic space. In this sense, they are actually
healthy and indicative of resilience.
The victim becomes self-centred, dysempathic, defiant, goal-oriented, reckless,
lying, or aggressive just in order to survive in the pathological environment
and the multifarious assaults on her identity and individuality.
Theodore Millon wrote this in his seminal "Personality Disorders in Modern
Life": "Many readers will be surprised that some of their best
qualities express characteristics associated with the antisocial personality
... a capacity for self-sufficiency, ambition, competitiveness, and a
constructive pursuit of individuality and self-determination"
Scholars like Oldham, Morris, Maccoby, and Dutton uphold this view that a modicum
of psychopathy is actually healthy and a prerequisite for survival and success
in certain situations, environments, and professions.